The Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) implemented the Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education in 2016.
This includes six frames:
These frames inform the information literacy instruction that academic librarians teach.
" ... information literacy is an essential component of any educational program at the graduate or undergraduate levels. These skills include the ability to: determine the nature and extent of needed information; access information effectively and efficiently; evaluate critically the sources and content of information; incorporate selected information in the learner’s knowledge base and value system; use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose; understand the economic, legal and social issues surrounding the use of information and information technology; and observe laws, regulations, and institutional policies related to the access and use of information."